Other legal citation forms:Universal Citation Guide - from the Citation Formats Committee of the American Association of Law Libraries
ALWD Citation Manual - from the Association of Legal Writing Directors
Some states, including Colorado, have adopted vendor-neutral citation rules.
- Wikipedia's Case Citation article (see section re: United States) discusses vendor-neutral citation and pinpoint citation.
- U.S. Courts using vendor-neutral "universal citation standards" at the American Bar Association website
- American Jurisdictions with vendor-neutral citation rules (as of Dec. 2007) from the American Association of Law Libraries
- CALI exercise: "ALWD Citation Form"
Background:The Bluebook system was created at Harvard in 1926. In the '90s, the American Association of Law Libraries (AALL) began creating a guide for organizations interested in "universal" citations (usable both in print and electronically and not tied to a particular publisher). In 2000, the Association of Legal Writing Directors (ALWD) published a more user-friendly citation system aimed at applicability for legal scholars, students and practitioners, as opposed to the Bluebook focus on law reviews.*
*From Larry L. Teply, Legal Writing Citation in a Nutshell 4 (Thomson/West 2008).